Schnoodle (Schnauzer & Poodle Mix): Breed Facts & Temperament
The Schnoodle is a smart, active, and adorable mixed canine breed. It combines the intelligence of its Poodle parent and the spirited nature of its Schnauzer forebear. This is one hound that will never grow tired of seeking its owner’s attention. It has an unquenchable zest for life that should make it the perfect companion for fun-loving people and families.
History of the Schnoodle
No one knows when the Schnoodle was first created. Some say that this designer breed may have been created sometime in the 1980s. It was during this time that many breeders became interested in using the Poodle as one of the foundation breeds for their crossbreeding endeavors.
However, it is also possible that the Schnauzer-Poodle Mix occurred a lot earlier. One has to recognize the fact that crossbreeding is not a new phenomenon. Many of the well-established breeds today started out as crossbreeds. It is only through selective inbreeding practices that breeders were able to make the characteristics of these breeds more permanent. Hence, they are now canine breeds that kennel organizations around the world recognize.
For example, the Golden Retriever started out as a mix of retrievers and water spaniels. Through the years, breeders observed very strict inbreeding practices to make permanent the qualities that they desire in a dog. This is the fundamental reason why some individuals go to great lengths to mate two different canine breeds.
To better understand the origins of the Schnoodle, it is best to look at its foundation breeds – the Poodle and the Schnauzer.
Almost everyone knows the Poodle. This is a breed that is well-known for its low-shedding potential. This is one of the most important characteristics of the Poodle. There are many people who are wary of getting a pet because they have pet dander allergies. By using a Poodle in the creation of a designer dog breed, then these persons can also have the chance to enjoy the many benefits of pet parenthood.
Poodles are very intelligent, too. They rank second when it comes to canine intelligence, bested only by the Scottish creation – the Border Collie. This breed uses its intelligence to perform different roles; although it is a very prolific hunter. In the past, hunters trained Poodles to help them catch game. These dogs have webbed paws and waterproof coats that make them excellent swimmers. They are biddable and can work well with other hunting dogs.
There is a slight controversy regarding the origins of the Poodle. Most people think that it is of French origin. However, major kennel organizations recognize Germany as the origin of the breed. In its native land, the Poodle is a well-respected duck hunter.
There are three types or sizes of Poodles. These are Standard, Miniature, and Toy. Standard Poodles can grow at least 15 inches tall and weigh anywhere between 40 and 60 lbs. They are very efficient hunters. Standard Poodles have lightning quick reflexes, allowing them to sprint towards a downed bird. They are also prodigious when it comes to pinpointing the exact location where the bird fell.
The Toy Poodle is one of the latest creations in the Poodle line. It weighs less than 6 pounds and is not taller than 10 inches at the withers. Toy Poodles make perfect companions.
Miniature Poodles are 10 to 15 inches tall and can weigh between 10 and 15 lbs. Miniatures are a great combination of the companionship qualities of a Toy Poodle and the hunting abilities of a Standard Poodle. Miniatures are excellent truffle hunters.
This breed is not the healthiest in the dog world. Standard Poodles can live up to 12 years while Miniatures and Toy Poodles can live up to 14.5 years. Some of the more common health problems that can affect a Poodle include Addison’s disease, tracheal collapse, gastric dilatation volvulus, hip dysplasia, cancer, epilepsy, and kidney disease.
Poodles are a sociable and energetic breed. They require intellectual and physical activities for them to be happy and healthy. They excel in obedience, agility, diving, surfing, and tracking activities. They love to go on camping trips and hiking adventures with their human companions.
Schnauzers originated in 14th century Germany. They are valued for their guarding and watchdog abilities. They also come in three sizes like the Poodle.
Standard Schnauzers can weigh 35 to 50 lbs and 17.5 to 19.5 inches tall. Breed fanciers consider them to be the original breed. In Germany, Standard Schnauzers are called Mittelschnauzers. These dogs performed a variety of roles, although they are best known for their ratting abilities. They also served as guard dogs, livestock guardians, and messengers during wartime. Many consider the Standard Schnauzer as a cross between a gray Wolf Spitz and a black German Pudel.
Standard Schnauzers are excellent family pets. This dog gets along fine with children, other dogs, and cats. It is always thinking and exploring its surroundings. It also loves the water like the Poodle.
Giant Schnauzers can grow between 23.5 and 27.5 inches and can weigh between 55 and 85 lbs. They worked as livestock drovers and farm guardians in 17th century Swabia. Throughout the years, Giant Schnauzers have taken up different roles including that of military and police dogs.
It is interesting to note that the Giant Schnauzer is a product of crossbreeding practices. It includes Great Danes, Rottweilers, Boxes, Dobermans, Bouvier des Flandres, German Shepherds, and Muncheners. These dog breeds were introduced into the Standard Schnauzer to create the Giant Schnauzer.
Giant Schnauzers are not for first-time dog owners. This is a dog breed that has the temperament and characteristics of different guarding dogs. It can impose its will on individuals who know nothing about correct dog training techniques.
The smallest Schnauzers, the Miniatures, weigh between 11 and 20 lbs. They can also stand from 12 to 14 inches. They were the result of crossbreeding programs in the 19th century, utilizing the Standard Schnauzer and mixing it with a Miniature Poodle and an Affenpinscher. Technically, there shouldn’t be any Schnoodles anymore because the Miniature Schnauzer is already a cross between a Miniature Poodle and a Standard Schnauzer.
Both the Miniature and the Standard Schnauzers are excellent working dogs. They are also intelligent. The Miniature is well-known for its watchdog abilities while the Giant Schnauzer is respected for its guarding abilities. All three types of Schnauzers have good problem-solving skills. They are also energetic and protective of their human family.
The shedding potential of this breed increases with size. Hence, you can expect the Miniature Schnauzer to have a better low-shedding potential than the Giant Schnauzer. Regardless, they still make good pets for individuals with pet dander allergies.
Schnauzers are also not immune to health problems. Standard Schnauzers can develop hip dysplasia, bladder stones, heart disease, and thyroid problems. On the other hand, Miniature Schnauzers can suffer from kidney diseases, blood disorders, heart problems, and eye problems. Giant Schnauzers are prone to autoimmune diseases, eye problems, and hip dysplasia.
Quick Facts about the Schnoodle
It is important to recognize that there are different possible combinations of Schnoodles. You can crossbreed a Giant Schnauzer with a Miniature or Standard Poodle. You can also crossbreed a Miniature Poodle with a Miniature or Toy Poodle. These combinations can give you varying types of Schnoodles. Here are some of the things we know so far.
- Height and Weight
Toy Schnoodles can tip the scale at 4 lbs, although they should never weigh more than 10 lbs. They also have a height of between 10 and 14 inches. Miniature Schnoodles can be 13 to 15 inches tall and weigh between 10 and 20 lbs. Standard Schnoodles can grow between 15 and 19.5 inches and weigh about 35 to 60 lbs. Giant Schnoodles can weigh between 40 and 85 lbs and be at least 15 inches tall. Some of them can grow as tall as 27.5 inches.
The unpredictability of the size of the Schnoodle increases as you go down the generational line. For example, crossing an F1 Miniature Schnoodle with an F2 Standard Schnoodle may produce a medium-sized Schnoodle between the Standard and the Miniature.
Schnoodles can grow old up to 17 years; provided they receive the proper care, including good nutrition. Some Schnoodles may only live up to 13 years, however. Again, this is dependent on the type of Poodle and Schnauzer used in the crossbreeding.
- Coat Type
These dogs can have a wiry, straight, or curly coat. However, fanciers of the designer breed always seek a Teddy Bear coat. This is fluffy and soft and without the unnecessary curling of the fur. Everything depends on the dominant trait in the dog.
For example, crossbreeding a Poodle with an F1 Schnoodle can produce a coat that is almost similar to that of a Poodle. If you mix an F1 Schnoodle with an F1b Schnoodle, then you can have either the curly coat of a Poodle or the wavy coat of a Schnauzer.
- Coat Color
Schnoodles often come in solid colors. Some Schnoodles may have colorpoints, mask, and other markings on their coat. Some of the most common coat colors of Schnoodles include black, brown, cream, apricot, silver, and salt and pepper. There are also those with blue, red, white, black and silver, and silver beige colors.
Things You Should Know
If you want to bring home a Schnoodle, it is best to learn more about this designer breed. This will help you determine if it is the right breed of dog for you and your family.
The Schnoodle is prone to a variety of diseases, depending on which of its parents’ disease markers will present in the puppy’s genetic makeup. It can have Addison’s disease, progressive retinal atrophy, and cataract. Some Schnoodles can also develop gastric torsion or gastric dilatation volvulus. There are also Schnoodles that can get sick because of Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, patellar luxation, and diabetes. Giant Schnoodles can have hip dysplasia as well.
It is for this reason that one has to be very careful in picking a Schnauzer-Poodle Mix. As much as possible, one has to ask from the breeder to see the Schnoodle’s parents. A better option will be to ask for a DNA test of the Schnoodle to help identify disease markers.
All dogs, regardless of breed and size, should undergo housetraining the moment they arrive at the home of their pet parents. Schnoodles have the intelligence of their Poodle forebear. And while Schnauzers are not the Einsteins in the dog world, they do not lag behind when it comes to intelligence. This means they should be easy to train.
We said “should” because these dogs can also be stubborn. If you are not sure about what you are doing, there’s a chance that the Schnoodle will train “you” and not the other way around. It can be very headstrong and annoying. An untrained Schnoodle will be very difficult to control. Positive reinforcement methods always work with these dogs. If you are not familiar with these training techniques, then it is best to approach a dog trainer.
Regardless of the type of Schnoodle that you have, they all need exercise every day. This is especially true for Standard and Giant Schnoodles that can benefit from brisk walking for at least an hour every day. Smaller Schnoodles like Toys and Miniatures will require about 30 minutes of walking.
These dogs are very playful. You can engage them in outdoor activities to serve as their exercise. They can play in the water or teach them to play tug of war or a game of fetch. The Poodle parent of the Schnauzer is excellent in agility trials. Building a miniature obstacle course in your backyard will provide your pet Schnoodle its own playground. Do not forget to include mentally-stimulating activities for the dog. You can give interactive toys and puzzle toys to help hone the dog’s cognitive skills.
Some Schnoodles are prone to gastric dilatation volvulus. Hence, it is critical to feed it smaller portions of its meal and on a more frequent basis. This will help minimize the risk of introducing large volumes of air into the dog’s stomach, causing it to twist into itself.
In addition to this, you will also have to make sure that the Schnoodle will not get more than 50 percent carbohydrates in its diet. Too much carbohydrates can lead to the development of hyperglycemia, a condition that is one of the characteristic signs of diabetes. Keep in mind that this designer breed is also prone to diabetes.
Hip dysplasia is another health concern that you have to consider when addressing the nutritional needs of a Schnauzer-Poodle Mix. You do not want the puppy to grow too fast because it can put a strain on its hip joints. Giving dog food that contains chondroitin, glucosamine, and other substances necessary for joint health can also help.
All pet parents need to learn how to compute for their dog’s daily energy requirements. Do not rely on what the pet food manufacturer has put on their label. These do not provide an accurate measure of your dog’s nutrient intake. They do not take into consideration the unique characteristics of individual dogs.
A better approach will be to work with your veterinarian in establishing the kind of nutrition that your Schnoodle needs. He can also look for health conditions that may require a special kind of diet.
While Schnoodles have a low-shedding potential, it doesn’t mean you can skip the brushing and combing of its coat. This dog still requires brushing once every 2 to 3 days. This will help prevent tangles and mats. They will also need professional grooming at least once every 2 months.
An important grooming activity for the Schnoodle is the cleaning of the area under its eyes. This is prone to the development of brownish to reddish tear stains. Failure to clean these stains everyday can make the stains permanent. In addition to facial stains, Schnoodles are also prone to developing fecal and urine stains. You can trim the hair around the genital and anal regions of the dog to help prevent staining.
Brushing the Schnoodle’s teeth is crucial every 2 to 3 days. Clipping its nails is also an important. You can do this once every 2 weeks. Inspecting and cleaning its ears should be done every week.
Schnoodles are intelligent, loyal, and affectionate dogs. They can be a happy companion for individuals and families who love the outdoors. These dogs love to play and will stop at nothing to get your attention. They are not Velcro dogs. However, they would like their families to include them in different activities.
The Schnauzer-Poodle Mix can have the protectiveness of the Schnauzer. It can be yappy and will alert you to strangers or any other individual that the dog is not familiar with. In most cases, it will bark, which your neighbors may not like. With proper socialization and training, however, one can always temper this tendency of the Schnoodle.
Schnoodles are adorable, charming, and smart. They can make good companions for the whole family. However, it is crucial that you train and socialize it at the earliest possible time, so you will enjoy its companionship.