Pomchi (Chihuahua Pomeranian Mix): Breed Facts & Temperament
Both the Chihuahua and Pomeranian breeds are known for their adorably small bodies and their playful nature. If you take into consideration how cute, fun-loving and active both breeds are, you can only imagine how cute their mixed pup would be. It’s no surprise then, that the Pomchi has been created to achieve this incredible mix. However, the Pomchi isn’t quite perfect. With any small ‘toy’ dog breed, health risks are very common. The crossbreed also inherits many characteristics from its parental breeds including, loyalty, intelligence, friendliness and sometimes stubbornness.
Just like any dog, there are some great aspects and other points which aren’t so great. In this article we’ll take a look at the brief history of the Pomchi, we’ll cover some interesting facts and other important things to know about care for this breed. So, if you’re looking to adopt a Pomchi or if you simply want to learn a bit more about this breed, we have some fascinating facts instore for you. Let’s get started!
History of the Pomchi
Unfortunately there isn’t much information regarding when or why the Pomchi was originally created. The only definitive information known is that the Pomchi was first bred in the United States. It most likely happened between the late 1990s and early 2000s, however this is purely speculative. A generally accepted theory for its creation was the rise in designer dogs during this time which made popular pets for celebrities. The lack of information is probably because the Pomchi is a hybrid so it isn’t recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) or other purebred clubs or associations. However, it is recognized by the American Canine Hybrid Club (ACHC), Designer Dogs Kennel Club (DDKC) and many other hybrid and designer dog breed clubs.
If we want a clearer understanding why the Chihuahua Pomeranian mix might have been created, we can look at the history of its parents. Thankfully, both parental breeds have a well-documented history and share quite similar stories. The Pomeranian was originally found throughout Europe and has developed over centuries to become the small, fluffy and bubbly breed as we know it. However, it wasn’t until the mid-1800s that the Pomeranian began to take form as the dog we are familiar with today. It is widely believed that the dog was used as a house pet and companion and, during the 1800s, was introduced to the British Royal Family. At this time it would have been bred carefully to maintain its desired characteristics (especially its size as it was the ideal lapdog) and began to grow in popularity. By the end of the century, the Pomeranian was popular all over the world for its ideal size, gentle but loyal characteristics and its soft, fluffy coat.
The Chihuahua has an equally impressive story as one of the oldest dogs in America’s history and as the smallest dog in the world! While historians can’t confirm the exact time that Chihuahuas became established as a breed, it is believed to be around the 12th Century. By the 15th Century, the breed had become a popular pet and was treasured in some Native American societies. While it might have been known by different names until the 19th Century, the breed was conclusively named ‘Chihuahua’ after the town in Mexico where the dog was a popular pet and where the first one was recognized by a Kennel Club. The dog’s friendly, loyal but defensive personality make it ideal as a caring companion but also ensure it is protective of its owners. These qualities also make it desirable when combined with the caring and affectionate qualities of the Pomeranian.
From learning a little bit about both parental breeds of the Pomchi, it becomes easy to understand why these breeds were crossed. The Pomchi is essentially a direct derivative from its parents – a kind, loyal and loving dog that shows its loyalty through protective behaviors. As a lapdog, it is also ideal because of its tiny size and soft, fluffy coat making it the ideal pet for cuddling.
Quick Facts About the Pomchi
Although we can’t hope to tell you every single detail about the Pomchi, we have some key facts which you ought to know about this adorable doggo.
- The Pomchi is known by many names such as the Chiranian, Chipom, Chiapom, Pomahuahua and Pom-A-Chi. Catchy names, huh?
- The Chipom is classed as a ‘Toy’ breed because of its minute size and is often referred to as ‘teddy bear dog’.
- They weigh anywhere between 5 to 12lbs and can grow from 5 to 10 inches. Although size can vary from dog to dog, most female Chipoms are slightly smaller and lighter than males.
- There is an even smaller breed of the Pomeranian Chihuahua mix called the ‘Teacup Pomchi’. This breed is tiny even compared to the Pomchi and is so-called because they are typically the size of a teacup. However, these pups can have severe health problems caused by their progressively small size.
- Pomchi coats can vary in length and thickness. Some dogs will have a double coat with short fur underneath a longer, silky coat while others will have a single coat of either type. The shorter coat is thick and fleece-like and the longer coat is usually thin, shiny and silky. However, long coats can also be thick and fluffy, just like the undercoat.
- Coat color can vary just as much as coat length. Some Pomchi dogs will have black, brown, sable, merle or white fur in various shades or in any combination of colors.
- All of the previous descriptions are typical of the Pomchi breed but some alternatives are equally possible. Since the breed is a hybrid and not regulated to maintain purebred standards, variations in size, weight, color and length are all possible.
Things You Should Know
It’s important to know what makes the Pomchi a uniquely desirable dog. Although we’ve discussed some of the main characteristics which are sought after in this crossbreed, there are a few physical features which are desired too. These features can be achieved through responsible and selective breeding and help to create the distinctive Pomchi face and physique. For example, the Pomchi breed typically has tall, triangular and pointed ears which complement its small, round face and eyes. It also has a distinctively small and round muzzle which, combined with its ears, create a foxlike appearance. (A very small fox, of course). Its size and personality, however, are the main reasons for this breed’s popularity which has only increased since the Pomchi’s parents have appeared in celebrity culture including recent Hollywood films.
Despite the breeds popularity, there are a few aspects of Pomchi care to be aware of. Although they are friendly and fun-loving doggos, they can sometimes be incredibly stubborn and aggressive depending in the gene balance they inherit. If a specific Pomchi had parents which were both aggressive or stubborn, it could be incredibly difficult (or almost impossible) to train them out of this behavior. This can also become a problem if they are protective of their owners as they will most likely be aggressive to strangers, other dogs and small children. However, these behaviors can be alleviated through consistent training. We’ll get to that later.
Unfortunately, there are several medical conditions and general health problems commonly found in small dogs and the Pomchi is no exception. While some conditions might develop later in life, others are found at birth since they are hereditary. Before buying or adopting a Chipom, do some research into its parents to find out if they have any medical conditions which might be passed on. By doing this, you can be prepared to watch out for symptoms or to have the correct level of health care in place for your pup. Alternatively, if you can’t provide additional care to match a poorly Pomchi’s needs, you could look elsewhere for another Pomchi which might not require special care. However, some conditions aren’t as bad as others and, with the correct health care in place, it’s possible to look after one of these precious pups with limited or no disturbances to normal life. It’s also worth mentioning that some Pomchi dogs can grow up with no medical conditions at all. Nevertheless, here are some of the most common health problems found in in Pomchis.
- Growth Disorders – Many small dog breeds are prone to varying degrees of growth disorders. Some are more severe and have the potential to affect the whole body (Dwarfism), while others might only affect a small part of the dog’s bone structure or organ formation. A common growth disorder found in small dogs is Patellar Luxation, which occurs when the kneecap dislocates and ‘floats’ in place. This causes mobility issues and requires surgical treatment.
- Eye Problems – Eye conditions can come in many forms and vary in severity. Progressive Retinal Atrophy and Glaucoma are two conditions which can cause severe pain around the eyes and gradual or immediate blindness in particularly bad cases. Glaucoma can also lead to Lens Luxation, a condition that weakens the ligaments which hold the eye in place, causing it to dislocate from its natural position. Since eye problems are common in small dogs, including Pomchis, it’s recommended to regularly provide your pup with check-ups from the vet. This way you’ll have the best chance of diagnosing and treating any conditions as soon as possible which will help to minimize risk.
- Respiratory Problems – Due to the tiny size of ‘toy’ dog breeds, they are sometimes affected by malformed respiratory systems. This can lead to breathing problems including a collapsed trachea, in extreme cases. These problems can be exacerbated if the dog has a small, flat face as these dogs (brachycephalic dogs) are prone to worsened respiratory disorders.
- Dental Problems – Dental issues are also common among many small dogs, particularly brachycephalic dogs. The main cause is the dog’s small muzzle and mouth which results in the overcrowding of teeth which can lead to toothache, decay and gum disease. Although these dental problems can occur in any dog, they are especially common in small dogs so it’s important to brush your Chipom’s teeth regularly and have them checked by the vet during routine appointments.
By this point the Pomchi breed might seem like it is prone to many health conditions but this isn’t the case. These conditions are simply the most common among the breed but they don’t affect every dog. By researching your dog’s parents you can find out if your pup is likely to have any medical problems. However, most trusted and responsible breeders will carry out a medical exam regardless of the parent’s medical history. Depending on the condition, it’s also possible to treat some conditions with simple lifestyle or dietary changes which means you and your dog can go about normal day-to-day activities with almost no disruption.
Regular and consistent training is the key to successfully teaching your Pomchi essential skills. Training your pup one skill at a time and using treats (tasty treats, toys or lots of attention) will help to motivate them to learn and perform the skill successfully. Never use aggression or strict training methods as this will likely cause behavior problems and will deter them from learning anything new. Once you’ve nailed the basics, you can progress to more complex tricks as Pomchis have an eagerness to learn and please their owner. Just make sure to give your pup lots of rest between training and keep the lessons short – no more than 15 minutes per lesson.
The Pomahuahua doesn’t require much physical exercise. A 30-minute walk or several shorter walks dispersed throughout the day is typically more than enough to satisfy the physical demands of this breed. You could also let them run free in a fenced dog park or back yard and give them special attention with play sessions during the day. Using toys and playing with your dog is a great way to keep them mentally stimulated, too.
When you’re not exercising or playing with your Pomchi, you can expect to enjoy some quality time together relaxing on the sofa while watching films. After a long and busy day, your pup will want some rest, just like you.
Pomchi dogs require a high-quality and balanced diet filled with animal-based protein and essential nutrients and vitamins to keep them healthy and happy pups. This should be fed in small portions 3 to 4 times per day while the pup is young, then reduced to 2 portions per day during adulthood. Figuring out the right amount of food for your Pomchi can take some time or trial and error. Speak with your vet for the best advice tailored to your dog specifically.
Grooming your Pomchi isn’t much different to any other dog, in fact, it could be much quicker than others simply due to its tiny size. Most Pomchis will have similar grooming needs unless they have long hair. Long haired Pomchis will need brushed more regularly (once per day) to ensure knots and matting don’t occur. Brushing short haired dogs every day certainly won’t cause any problems but brushing every two or three days should be sufficient. When brushing your Pomchi’s coat, do so gently and with an approved dog-friendly hairbrush (preferably plastic). Many Pomchis have sensitive skin so it’s important to be gentle and avoid metal hairbrushes to avoid irritating or damaging their skin.
Other than brushing, most grooming is identical to the needs of other dogs. Regular ear cleaning and teeth brushing is essential for maintaining a healthy and happy pup. Some Pomahuahua parents even wash, shampoo and condition their pup’s hair and trim their nails but this can be left to a dog groomer if you wish.
The Pomchi can be tricky to describe generally as their behaviors can vary from dog to dog. Due to the mix of Pomeranian and Chihuahua behaviors, each dog inherits different genes from its parents which causes some starkly different doggos. Most Pomchi dogs are loving, caring, protective and stubborn which makes them loyal to their parents and family but can often result in aggression towards strangers. For this reason, it’s crucial to socialize young Pomahuahuas regularly (daily, if possible) from 8 to 12 weeks of age. Despite their sometimes-aggressive attitude, if they are trained and socialized well while they are young, Pomchis can make excellent companions and lap dogs.
The Pomchi also doesn’t like to be left home alone for long periods of time so they might work better with families or parents who can stay home to look after them.
Looking after a Pomchi can be challenging because of the potential behavior and medical problems associated with this breed. Despite these challenging aspects, with thorough research, training and socialization you can expect to raise an affectionate and loyal doggo that loves to show you affection through playing and cuddles.