30 Interesting Animal Facts You Didn’t Know
The animal kingdom probably comes with loads of unimaginable facts. But then again, it is not surprising, since there are between 1 to 2 million species of animals, it is not possible for humans to completely understand all the facts about them. It is rather astonishing to imagine the massive number of animals that populate the earth, and you are yet to factor in the cross-bred ones which emanate from breeding. Each and every one of these distinctive species come with their own unique quality that distinguishes them from the crowd, from the tiniest of fleas in the air to the largest of whales in the deep sea. Did you know that the canine population comes with more taste bud than their feline counterparts or that fish swap their sex organs, and cows get confused when they are separated from their best friend? All these and more await you in this article.
1. Parrots don’t just squawk they do talk
For many years, speeches made by parrots have been listed as nothing more than unintelligible squawking. However, research shows that the feathered voice of the chattering parrot is more than just mimicry. Parrots have been found to be as adept as four to six-year-old kids in solving several linguistic processing tasks, as well as taking some logical leaps. From what is glaring, the most amazing is the fact that parrots are good at combining phrases and labels in a spectacular manner.
2. Elephants are never dumb, but they do forget
Out of all the mammals that have ever walked the earth; the mighty elephant is credited with having the largest brain – averagely measured at 11 pounds. However, the use of the grey matter is another issue. Intelligence may be rather unquantifiable in animals and humans, but EQ is known as encephalization quotient (the ratio of a creature’s perceived brain size to what is expected in relation to the animal’s mass) compares well with a capability to navigate obstacles as well as novel challenges.
EQ in the elephant is 1.88, pigs 0.27 Chimps 2.45 on the average and a range of 7.33 to 7.69 in humans. If memory and intelligence truly go hand in hand, then the elephant’s memory is quite good, though not infallible.
3. Embryos of sea turtle are known to breathe via their shells
The shells of eggs from sea turtle are porous, permitting embryonic respiration through them. They are unable to survive if they are always covered with water.
4. Thousands of new trees grow yearly, thanks to the squirrel
Your gratitude should go to the squirrel population in your locality for several of the new trees that grow years as they are constantly forgetting where they had their nuts buried.
5. The Komodo dragon can undergo parthenogenesis
This species of dragon is the largest lizard worldwide; the female can breed without any impute from their male counterpart via parthenogenesis – a term that describes the formation and growth of an embryo without any fertilization taking place.
6. The tail of a kangaroo is also for balance
When a kangaroo stands, it places its tail firmly on the ground, and this is for a good reason. The great hopper of the jungle uses its tail to maintain some form of balance, and any attempt to lift that tail off the ground will impede its natural ability to hop.
7. Felines only meow at humans and their mom’s
Mature cats rarely meow, but when it is time for some food and a cuddle, they meow at their owner for attention. Kitties also meow at the mothers when it’s feeding time. This selective style of communication clearly shows that cats are fully aware of their emotions.
8. The canine population possesses more taste buds than the felines
The taste bud on the tongue of cats is estimated to be under 500 while more than 1,700 is found in dogs.
9. Some worms have the natural ability to Jump
There have been recent discoveries of some types of the Amynthas worms in the Midwestern part of the US with the natural ability to jump as well as detach their tails at will.
10. Some fishes can exchange or swap their sex organ
We sometimes overlook the fact that the most bizarre activities happen in the deep sea with so many land animals occupying our attention. The weird practice of hermaphroditism has been found to be more widespread amongst some kinds of fish than other animals. It has been established that some of these fish respond to environmental changes or hormonal cycle by changing their sex. There are even some that have both female and male sex organs at the same time. In a bid to bring some improvements to their mating odds, the scrawny male molly fish tends to put their bisexuality on display.
11. Snow leopards do not have the natural ability to roar
Relative to other large cats, the snow leopard comes with vocal cords that are less developed, which makes it impossible for them to roar; rather, they make a chuff (a purr-like sound).
12 . Cows have best friends
Findings have observed that a very strong social bond exists among cows, and once they are far from their best friend, they usually show some physical indications of stress.
13. Ostriches have exceptional speed
Naturally, an ostrich is capable of overtaking a horse in a race as it has more speed; besides, the male can roar in the same way as a lion.
14. Cows are likely to produce extra milk when they listen to slow music
Research has established that cows produce additional 1.54 pints of milk daily when they listen to slow music as against upbeat tunes.
15. Wild chimpanzees love to drink
According to findings, chimps of Guinean origin love to drink fermented palm sap, and in the process, they become tipsy.
16. Mole-rats are not blind
Thanks to their underground lifestyle and puny eyes, mole-rats of African origin have long been considered almost blind and believed to be only able to detect very little light and leveraging on their eyes to perceive any change in air currents instead of using them for vision. However, this belief has been debunked by recent findings which have established that these rodents actually have a keen sense of sight, although limited. The findings have also established that they dislike what they see; as light might be an indication that a predator is on the prowl.
17. Butterflies are known to taste things with their feet
The natural ability to chew or bite is not a trait of the butterfly; thus, they leverage on their feet to taste. Once they perch on a plant, the sensors found on a butterflies feet becomes active that way they will be able to know if the plant is edible or not.
18. In a bid to safeguard their young, male emperor penguins can survive months without food
When the time comes to take care of their young, male emperor penguins play active roles, even forfeiting their food, just to protect the eggs laid by their female counterparts. During this period, the male penguins can shed as much as 26 pounds in weight, and they can only take a break to eat when the female is around to cater to their young chicks.
19. Days become longer for beavers in winter
Beavers are known to stay-in during winter, surviving on fat deposits in their unique tails or depending on already stored food. This way, the rodent is able to preserve energy by staying out of the cold and remaining within their darkened pile of mud and wood, which serves as their natural lodgings. Consequently, the beaver which under normal circumstances, rises at sunset and turns in by sunrise will no longer have access to light cues to define their sleep cycle. Thus, there will be a shift in the rodent’s biological logic of time, resulting in her devising some kind of “free-running circadian rhythm” that runs for 29-hour per day.
20. The type of food consumed by spur-winged goose makes it poisonous
Don’t ever eat a spur-winged goose if you stumble on one while traveling. These Sub-Saharan African birds come with flesh, which is poisonous for human consumption. Studies have discovered that the goose likes to prey on blister beetles, that is known to secrete cantharidin poison, which is potentially-deadly.
21. Horned lizards are known to spew blood from both eyes
This is an impressive trick used by the horned lizard which finds itself caged-in by a predator. In such a dangerous situation, the smart lizard can send the marauder scampering off by squirting a stream of blood at it or into the killer’s mouth.
Unlike we humans that depend on GPS navigation systems, detailed maps, or even Siri to guide our long-distance travels, birds are smart enough to locate their intended destinations without external aid. A good instance is a pigeon that can travel thousands of miles, and still locate its roosting spot without difficulties. The Arctic tern is known to accomplish 25,000-mile-round journey yearly while some species leverage on their in-built ferromagnets in identifying their direction with regards to the magnetic field of the earth. According to findings, pigeons can easily find their way back home with the aid of recognizable landmarks below.
23. Saliva from vampire bat prevents blood clotting
In addition to biting their prey, vampire bats stop the blood of their victim from clotting with the aid of their saliva that functions as an anticoagulant. This makes the prey’s blood to flow continuously as the bats feed.
24. Queen mole rats have the capacity to cause infertility in other female moles
In a bid to maintain dominance, queen mole rats try to stop other females from conceiving through the secretion of a substance via her urine, which ensures their infertility.
25. Milk from a whale is not on low-fat diets
It is rather a huge feat for whales to nurse their young, the gestation period for the largest sea mammal is 10 to 12 months, after which its calf is born with a size of up to 30-feet that maybe like a third of the length of its mother.
The whale breastfeeds by spewing milk into her calf’s mouth with the aid of the mammary gland muscles while the newborn hangs on to a nipple. The fat content in milk from the seal mammal is ten times bigger than in humans, nearly 50% fat. This is why the calf grows very fast, spurting 200 pounds daily. It is not surprising that the mother whale wastes no time in coaching their young to scavenge for food on their own.
26. Wombat stool come in cube-shapes
Wombat’s poop, which comes in the shape of tiny squares have the tendency to easily stay put more than droppings than come in spherical shapes. The creature leverages on this square-shaped stool to warn any trespassing animal off their territory, and other creatures that see the poop quickly decode that the turf is occupied by wombats.
27. It is possible for orcas to learn to speak dolphin
The dialects of the killer whales are likely to be influenced by the company they find themselves in. According to findings, some orcas that were put together with bottlenose dolphins for an extended length of time were able to imitate the language of the dolphins.
28. Crocodiles gulp down Stones to aid them in Swimming
The belly of a crocodile can be best described as a rocky environment. For one, the digestive system of this large sea reptile encounters a variety of things like fish, turtles, giraffes, birds, lions, buffalos and even other crocs that they eat while defending their territory. Secondly, crocs are known to swallow huge stones that become permanent fixtures in their stomachs, which, according to suggestions are good for ballast in diving.
29. Hotter environments breed lighter colors in tortoises
While residents of temperate regions may be accustomed to seeing dark-skinned tortoises with darkened shells, the same creature come with lighter skin and lighter shells in the tropics. A good example is a sulcate tortoise, also known as African spurred tortoise that comes in light tan hue.
30. Honey bees and STDs
It is possible for honey bees to contract sexually transmitted diseases from each other.
- ANIMAL TYPES – National Geographic