Caucasian Shepherd: Breed Facts and Temperaments
A captain in an army mostly looks out for a strong, loyal, and courageous fighter. In the captain’s view, a serviceman needs to hold these qualities to be given the responsibility of protecting the lives of his fellow soldiers. Fortunately for homeowners, we don’t need to employ these types of soldiers to guard our homes or protect our households as these qualities can be found in one unique dog. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is not only a great companion to have in your home but also a gallant protector and comes with distinctive traits. If you need a brave guardian for your home, then look no further than the Caucasian Shepherd. With its inherent fighting spirit, this dog never backs down from a fight, plus they don’t have any known predators as nothing scares them. So if you are considering welcoming a Caucasian Shepherd dog into your home, here are some key facts about the breed you need to consider.
History of the Caucasian Shepherd
The Caucasian Shepherd Dog has a rich and colorful history. It comes from the Molosser category or breeds, and its origin is a puzzle. They are natives of the Greater Caucasus Mountain area and they have existed for centuries. There are debates as to which breeds they originate from. Some believe that the Caucasian Shepherd dog comes from domesticated wolves while the majority are of the view that their forebears comprise of Mastiffs and different types of breeds. However, some scholars maintain that these types of Shepherd Dogs are descendants of sheepdogs that moved from the Tibet region. Contemporary archaeological proof indicates that the Caucasian Shepherd came into being in ancient Mesopotamia.
However, it should be noted that the Caucasian Shepherd dog that evolved in Georgia is now recognized as the best quality breed of the Caucasian Shepherd on the market. Throughout the 1900s, the former Soviet Union began deploying Caucasian Shepherds in the prisons as guard dogs. During the 1960s, former East Germany stationed the Shepherd dogs as border patrol guards along the then concrete built Berlin Wall. After the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989, about 7,000 dogs used as patrol guards were left to roam freely, and others were handed over to families in Germany. These days, the Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are mainly household dogs, security dogs, and residential dogs, although some are still employed as livestock guardian dogs. Over the years, they have maintained a lot of their attacking and aggressive instincts; hence they require socialization at a very early age to prevent confrontations with humans and other pets.
Quick Facts About the Caucasian Shepherd Dog
Here are some quick facts you need to know about the Caucasian Shepherd Dog.
- Origins: The Caucasian Shepherd Dog originated from Georgia and is very common in other countries such as Russia, Azerbaijan, and Armenia. Another name given to is Caucasian ovcharka.
- Features: Generally, the ears of this fearless dog are cropped. However, some of the modern breeds have unaltered ears.
- Height: The Caucasian Shepherd Dog has an average height of between 23 – 30 inches and a life expectancy rate of between 10 -12 years.
- Weight: The average weight of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog ranges from 99 pounds – 170 pounds. The average weight for the male is between 50 – 100 kg, and that of the female is between 45 – 80 kg.
- They love to work: They enjoy working their butts off and are not work-shy. A Caucasian Shepherd that is put under tight control or on a tight leash will try every means possible to get off the leash.
- Fear of Predators? Hell no, these types of dogs are bold, fearless, and very confident in their abilities to defend themselves against any predator. They’re also very able to fend off and kill any animal or human aggressor.
- Coat: Their coats are made up of different colors and lose a small number of their coats as they grow. However, because they have thick coats, it safeguards them from the utmost cold weather conditions and helps them keep themselves warm.
- Birth: The female adult Caucasian Shepherd at best bring forth once per year.
- Nicknames: They have various tag names such as Russian bear dog, Caucasian ovcharka dog, Caucasian mountain dog, or the Caucasian mountain Shepherd.
Things You Should Know
The Caucasian Mountain Dog is mainly regarded to be a very strong and healthy breed. However, just like any strong animal, this type of breed can be vulnerable to the medical condition known as hip dysplasia and cataracts. Also, because of the huge size, obesity is a common health issue among them. Thus, they should put on a healthy eating plan app suitable for their giant size, and also their energy levels are not excessively high. The excess weight adds more pressure to the Caucasian Shepherd Dog’s joints. As such, the cartilage in his joints degenerate and this results in them developing arthritis. To prevent heart diseases and other diseases associated with obesity, Caucasian Shepherd Dogs should be put on an exercise routine. Additionally, consult your Vet for nutritional advice or the correct dietary plans for your Shepherd dog.
Training of this breed of dog is a hard task because Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are headstrong and very stubborn. They barely follow instructions, and as such, it will take a very determined and a person with the great mental strength to coerce this type of dog into yielding. The Caucasian Shepherd puppy has to be trained at an early age to weaken their aggression. Although they are wonderful household pets. Some essential training issues are teaching the dog to recognize that you are the leader. Your dog will take the session lightly if there is not a correct schedule or time table for the training. You should also consider rewarding your dog with tasty treats when your dog gets certain commands right. Giving your dog treats will motivate them and encourage good attitudes. If the dog recognizes that they will be rewarded for their good behavior, odds are your dog will often do what is expected of him.
Training routines must not be done for long hours since the Caucasian Shepherd Dog will easily get weary. As such, the training sessions should be tailored to suit their needs and also fun to keep your dog engrossed throughout the routine. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is extremely intelligent and will understand instructions quickly. In case they are slow to follow your lead, do not recourse to hitting them or shouting at them. They might respond, and this can cause injury to you. The trainer of this breed of dog must set the pace and the rules. The directives or commands must be continuous, unwavering and the instructor must gradually drain the dog by going over the instructions several times. Once the Caucasian Shepherd Dog is worn out, the training will be fun for both of you and the dog would become a loyal and obedient dog. If you’re still not making headway with the training, sign up your dog a Pet training school or seek professional help from a dog trainer.
The Caucasian Shepherd puppy should be trained at a very early age to help them easily socialized with humans and other pets. When they are socialized at a very young age, they tend to be loyal, lovely, and friendly to everyone around them. It is a natural character trait for them to be wary, especially around unknown faces, and might even be hostile to strangers. They are also aggressive to other pets that come into their space or territory. They have a natural tendency to gain control; hence they may view new people approaching them as a form of assault against their human relatives and react appropriately. The enormous size can pose problems even for a well-socialized Caucasian Shepherd as such children should be monitored anytime they play with this dog. They are most suitable for households with teenage children and homes that do not have pets.
In order for a Caucasian Shepherd Dog to have a long life expectancy and live an illness-free life, then you should draw up a daily exercise routine for him. For this type of breeds, 30 – 40 minutes of walking at least five times a week will improve their immune system, boost their cardiovascular condition, and lessen the risk of them getting many other diseases. For the safety of other road users, they should be on – leash especially when embarking on a walk outside your home. In spite of them having low energy levels, they can endure 30 -40 minutes’ walk daily or even hiking. As such, get your walking shoes, your dog and get out for a walk. The benefits of walking are good for both of you.
A Caucasian Shepherd Dog has a special digestive requirement, and as such, you should feed him with a meal that will suit his unique features. For younger ones, you should carry on with the food plan that your breeder suggested until the young Caucasian Shepherd is above seven months old unless you have a convincing reason to alter the food plan. Highly regarded breeders will support you in making certain the puppy gets the right nutrition to aid in his/her growth. There are many breed formulas on the market for dogs with different weights. The Caucasian Shepherd Dog is extra-large; hence do not give him kibbles. Kibbles are low-quality foods and they are often prepared with certain ingredients that your dog will find it difficult to digest. This situation can result in digestive disorders. The Caucasian Shepherd dogs have an insatiable appetite, and as such check the quantity of food you give them so they don’t put on too much weight. The appropriate diet plan for a grown-up Caucasian Shepherd Dog should include raw fish from the sea, 650 grams of beef once a day ideally in a raw state and boiled chicken. Also, it is essential to know your dog’s allergies so that you have an idea of which food they should eat or not.
The Caucasian Mountain Shepherd wants to be pampered and treated like a king. Yes, that is how highly they think of themselves. They have different types of coats ranging from long to very short. The longer – coated pooches must be groomed every day. Grooming of dogs can also strengthen the emotional bond between the dog owner and the dog. Their long and overgrown nails must be cut often with clippers made specifically for dogs. You should also check their ears with cotton-tipped materials regularly to prevent the growth of wax and small debris. If not cleaned properly can result in infections which can be seen by foul smell or redness. Brush their teeth every morning with toothbrush and toothpaste. Commit to regularly checking their skin for the presence of fleas. The shiny coat of the Caucasian mountain Shepherd should be brush once per week, or you can wipe their coat with a clean wet towel. You should bath him once every two months and wash him with shampoo once a week. You should also have a vaccination schedule and vaccinate them based on the recommendations from your Vet.
Caucasian Shepherd Dog can be aggressive and do not accommodate any weakness. It is always on attacking mode and alert to the things happening in his environment. It has an amazing and powerful physique. It can also be extremely brutal, vicious, and this explains why it was used as a guard in the Russian prisons decades ago. This ‘Russian bear dog’ is extremely quick, fast, intelligent and has a commanding personality. When having training sessions with the Caucasian Shepherd Dog, the instructor must be very careful and aware of the dog’s mood at all times. The trainer must also control his emotions as the trainer cannot afford to lose his temper around the Caucasian Shepherd Dog. Because of the dog’s huge size, it can easily tear any human being into pieces – as such do not leave this gigantic animal alone with your children.
In conclusion, the Caucasian Shepherd Dog can be as stubborn as a mule, but they are loyal and fearless. They are gallant guard dogs who are not only suitable in protecting prison facilities but households as well. Do not be fooled by their monster look, this breed can be adorable and a lovely addition to any home if socialized correctly. This Caucasian mountain dog will go to great lengths to defend whoever it feels is their family. If you are ready to expand your family by four feet, then the Caucasian Shepherd Dog could well be your top choice.